last release: June 2015
The crop condition map, kindly provided by the GEO Global Agricultural Monitoring initiative (GEOGLAM), synthesizes information for all four AMIS crops in major growing areas. Assessments are based on a combination of national and regional crop analyst inputs along with earth observation data. Crops that are in other than favourable conditions are displayed on the map with their crop symbol.
- Wheat: In the northern hemisphere, overall conditions remain favourable. In the EU, winter wheat conditions are generally good. In the US conditions have improved for winter wheat, and are favourable for both spring and winter wheat. In China, conditions are mostly favourable for winter and spring wheat though there is some concern over dry weather. In the Russian Federation, winter wheat conditions have improved and are mostly favourable. There is some concern over spring wheat as planting is delayed due to wet weather. In Canada, conditions are generally favourable for winter and spring wheat, though there is developing concern due to lack of rain over main spring wheat growing regions. In India, end of season conditions were favourable. In Ukraine, conditions are generally favourable. In Kazakhstan and Mexico, conditions are mixed. In the southern hemisphere, planting is progressing. In Australia conditions are generally favourable however there is some concern over dryness in parts of the southeast growing regions. In Brazil, conditions are favourable and in South Africa, conditions are mixed.
- Maize: In the southern hemisphere, conditions continue to be generally favourable as the season draws to a close. In Brazil conditions are favourable and in Argentina, conditions are generally good. In South Africa, harvest is progressing and below-normal yields are expected for both white and yellow maize. In the northern hemisphere, conditions are favourable at this early stage of the season. In the US and EU planting is generally complete and conditions are favourable. In China, conditions are favourable for the spring and summer crops. In Ukraine, the Russian Federation, Canada, and Mexico, conditions are favourable. In Nigeria, conditions are mixed.
- Rice: Conditions remain mixed. In India and Brazil, harvest is complete and end of season conditions are favourable. In China, conditions are mostly favourable however there is concern due to excessive wetness in the south. In Thailand, conditions remain poor for the dry season rice and field preparation for the wet season crop is underway. In Viet Nam, in the north, the winter-spring (dry season) crop is in good condition and in the south, conditions are fair. In the US and Argentina, conditions are favourable. In Indonesia, conditions for the wet season rice remain good. In the Philippines, planting of the wet season crop has begun. Harvest has concluded for the dry season rice and conditions are slightly poor. In Nigeria, conditions are mixed. There is some concern over the first crop due to poorly distributed rainfall in the central region.
- Soybeans: In the southern hemisphere, conditions remain good as the season closes. In Argentina conditions are favourable and in Brazil a record crop has been harvested owing to both increased yields and an expansion in area. In the northern hemisphere, conditions are favourable at the start of the season. In the US, conditions are favourable. In Mexico, planting has begun for the spring-summer cycle in the north region. However, excess humidity has slightly delayed planting. In Canada conditions are favourable though there were some planting delays.
El Niño conditions continue to strengthen in the equatorial Pacific and there is a higher than 80 percent chance they will persist through the end of 2015, according to statements from the Australian Bureau of Meteorology, the International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI), and the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Forecast maps published by the IRI and the European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting depict a high probability of below average precipitation for Indonesia through September, and above average chances of dry weather in India and above average rainfall in the central United States. GEOGLAM will closely watch AMIS regions that have shown sensitivity to El Niño in the past for possible impacts.