last release: July 2015
The crop condition map, kindly provided by the GEO Global Agricultural Monitoring initiative (GEOGLAM), synthesizes information for all four AMIS crops in major growing areas. Assessments are based on a combination of national and regional crop analyst inputs along with earth observation data. Crops that are in other than favourable conditions are displayed on the map with their crop symbol.
- Wheat: In the northern hemisphere, conditions remain mostly favourable. In the EU there is some concern due to hot and dry conditions in Spain and dry conditions in the western and central regions. In China, Ukraine and Kazakhstan conditions are favourable. In the US conditions are generally favourable despite recent high rainfall which may affect quality. In the Russian Federation, winter wheat conditions are mixed especially in the Central and Volga region due to the excessive dry conditions during establishment. There is some concern over spring wheat conditions due to recent hot and dry weather. In Canada, conditions are mixed for both winter and spring wheat. In the southern hemisphere conditions are generally favourable for the developing crop. In Argentina, planting is progressing slowly in some regions due to dryness. In Australia and South Africa conditions are favourable.
- Maize: In the northern hemisphere, conditions remain generally favourable. In the US there is some concern developing over excessive rains in June. In Ukraine, EU, India, China, the Russian Federation, Mexico, conditions are favourable and in Canada conditions are mixed due to excessive rainfall. In the southern hemisphere, conditions continue to be favourable in Brazil and Argentina as the season draws to a close.
- Rice: Conditions remain mixed. In India and China, conditions are generally favourable. In Thailand, harvest is almost complete for the dry season crop and conditions remain poor due to extensive dryness. Planting continues for the wet season. In Viet Nam, there is some concern due to dry weather. In Indonesia, conditions for the wet season rice remain good. Planting of the dry season crop is ongoing and conditions are mixed. In the Philippines, planting of the wet season crop continues and there is some concern over dry conditions.
- Soybeans: In the northern hemisphere, conditions remain generally favourable. In the US conditions are favourable however there is some concern developing over excessive rains. In India, and China, conditions are mostly favorable and in Canada and Nigeria, conditions are mixed. In the southern hemisphere, conditions remain favourable for Argentina as the season draws to a close.
El Niño conditions are well established in the equatorial Pacific and are expected to strengthen through the northern hemisphere growing season, and persist into the first quarter of 2016. Conditions in Thailand, Viet Nam, and the Philippines are drier than average, consistent with expectations for El Niño years, and these conditions are forecast to continue and spread to Indonesia through the end of 2015. The monsoon is now established across India, though had a delayed onset associated with El Niño. However, rainfall totals through September are expected to be below average in the southern part of the subcontinent. North central China has historically experienced below average rainfall with El Niño, and IRI forecasts an elevated probability of this in July-September, though conditions to date are normal. In North America, southern Mexico is forecast to be drier than average in the period July-October due to El Niño, while the multi-year drought in the southern Great Plains of the U.S. has ended, thanks to above average precipitation in recent months. GEOGLAM will continue to monitor the AMIS regions that have shown sensitivity to El Niño in the past.