last release: February 2016
The crop condition map, kindly provided by the GEO Global Agricultural Monitoring initiative (GEOGLAM), synthesizes information for all four AMIS crops in major growing areas. Assessments are based on a combination of national and regional crop analyst inputs along with earth observation data. Crops that are in other than favourable conditions are displayed on the map with their crop symbol.
Crop conditions at a glance for AMIS countries
- Wheat: Conditions in the southern hemisphere remain mixed as the season draws to a close. However, in the northern hemisphere conditions are overall favourable for the dormant crop with the exception of India.
- Maize: The northern hemisphere is largely out of season with the exception of India and Mexico while the season in the southern hemisphere is in full swing with largely favourable conditions.
- Rice: Conditions remain mixed in part due to the impacts of the current El Niño.
- Soybeans: Conditions in the southern hemisphere are generally favourable. The northern hemisphere is currently out of season.
El Niño update
The El Niño of 2015-2016 peaked in late November-early December, but remains strong and will only decline to neutral around June. The growing season in South Africa has been characterized by severe drought, with many crop growing areas having their driest early season since 1981. As a consequence, maize production is projected to be down by 35 percent compared to average, and imports to the region will be required to meet needs both nationally and in neighbouring countries that are likewise drought stricken. Drought is expected to continue in Southeast Asia and across northern South America, including northeast Brazil. The southeast of Brazil and Uruguay, on the other hand, should continue to have abundant rainfall. In the U.S., the western and southern states are expected to continue to experience above average precipitation. This is benefiting California, though one good season will be insufficient to reverse the impacts of the multi-year 2012-2015 drought. The Great Lakes region, conversely, is projected to continue to experience drier than normal conditions, as are the southern parts of the Canadian Prairie Provinces. No impacts are anticipated across Europe and western Russian Federation.