(c) UNCTAD
(c) UNCTAD
20 Dec 2019
World maritime transport lost momentum last year, expanding at a rate below the historical average. Nearly 2 percent of maritime trade was affected by tariffs [...]
05 Dec 2019
The last market report of this year notes that food markets have experienced more than their fair share of unpredictability in 2019, from escalating trade [...]
27 Nov 2019
Check out the latest supply and demand data of wheat, maize, rice and soybeans. Apart from running your custom query, you can consult a country's [...]
Chatham House
Chatham House
15 Nov 2019
The multilateral trading system faces a momentous reform objective as it heads towards next year’s WTO Ministerial Conference in June. With the objective of establishing [...]

last release: December 2019

Market Monitor

 

From previous month forecast

From previous season

Wheat

Maize

Rice

Soybeans

 Easing

 Neutral

 Tightening

2019 is drawing to a close, but market uncertainties are not. From escalating trade tensions to geopolitical risks, massive swine fever outbreaks and weather abnormalities, food markets have experienced more than their fair share of unpredictability this year. However, good supply conditions and strong fundamentals have spared the four AMIS crops from much disarray, also sustaining a cautiously optimistic market outlook for 2020.

2018/19

2019/20 

estimate

7 Nov

5 Dec

Production

731.6

765.0

766.4

Supply

1016.0

1034.8

1036.5

Utilization

747.8

759.5

758.3

Trade

168.2

172.1

172.0

Ending Stocks

270.1

274.9

278.2

in million tonnes

  • Wheat 2019 production raised, reflecting bigger harvests in the EU and Ukraine; the latest forecast points to an increase of nearly 5 percent from last year’s record level.
  • Utilization in 2019/20 lowered following further downgrading of feed use estimates in several countries; but still rising by 1.4 percent from the 2018/19 level driven by higher food, feed and industrial demand.
  • Trade in 2019/20 (July/June) expected to expand by 2.3 percent from 2018/19 and reach the third highest level on record.
  • Stocks (ending 2020) scaled up, mostly on expectation of larger build-ups in several major exporting countries; now indicating a 3.0 percent increase over the previous season and the second highest recorded level.

2018/19

2019/20 

estimate

7 Nov

5 Dec

Production

1118.3

1122.6

1126.8

Supply

1487.2

1479.0

1485.5

Utilization

1140.4

1141.5

1140.0

Trade

166.1

161.5

163.7

Ending Stocks

358.7

331.0

339.5

in million tonnes

  • Maize production in 2019 increased on improved yields in China and in Ukraine, but still 1 percent below the 2017 record.
  • Utilization in 2019/20 remains flat with a projected decline in feed use (most significantly in China, Ukraine and the US) offsetting the overall rise in food and industrial demand.
  • Trade in 2019/20 (July/June) to contract but less than anticipated earlier, underpinned by stronger pace in exports from Brazil and Ukraine more than offsetting a slowdown in sales by the US.
  • Stocks (ending in 2020) raised by 8.5 million tonnes, mostly reflecting upward revisions in China, Ukraine and, to a lesser extent, the US; but still down 5.4 percent from their opening level.

2018/19

2019/20 

estimate

7 Nov

5 Dec

Production

517.5

513.4

515.0

Supply

691.7

696.5

698.0

Utilization

510.9

515.9

516.8

Trade

45.5

47.7

46.6

Ending Stocks

183.0

180.9

181.6

in million tonnes

  • Rice 2019 production upgraded, as reductions for Thailand and Viet Nam are outweighed by improved prospects for Pakistan and several countries in Africa, in particular Egypt and Nigeria.
  • Utilization in 2019/20 raised, mostly on more buoyant expectations regarding food intake; now seen rising by 0.7 percent y/y on a per capita basis.
  • Trade in 2020 scaled back largely on account of downgraded imports by Nigeria, but also by China and Egypt.
  • Stocks (2019/20 carry-outs) raised further, with rice exporters, in particular India and Thailand, accounting for much of the revision.

2018/19

2019/20 

estimate

7 Nov

5 Dec

Production

361.7

343.1

342.5

Supply

406.9

402.4

401.7

Utilization

351.9

355.5

356.5

Trade

150.4

150.5

150.9

Ending Stocks

59.2

47.0

45.4

in million tonnes

  • Soybean 2019/20 production forecast trimmed, as downward adjustments in South American crops are only partially compensated by higher estimates elsewhere.
  • Utilization in 2019/20 lifted marginally, underpinned primarily by upward revisions in China.
  • 2019/20 trade forecast raised slightly on higher import demand by China, reflecting a possible recovery in soymeal demand fueled by herd rebuilding.
  • Stocks (2019/20 carry-outs) lowered further on reduced forecasts in a number of countries. Global inventories poised to drop by almost one-fourth from last season’s historic record.

INDICATORS

Events

9th session of the Rapid Response Forum
28 Jan 2020
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
16th session of the Global Food Market Information Group
08 Oct 2019 to 09 Oct 2019
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
15th session of the Global Food Market Information Group
27 May 2019 to 28 May 2019
Rome, Italy
9th Secretariat Steering Committee
27 May 2019
Rome, Italy

COUNTRY DATA